From 2005 to 2011 my main research topic was the study of various aspects of Roman international relationships during the Republican Age (4th - 2nd century BC).
My doctorate dissertation was an opportunity to deepen research on themes I had already broached in a series of articles published between 2002 and 2005. These works stressed the role of the Italian people in determining the internal political life of Rome at the end of the 4th century BC. The main point of my reconstruction was the political and propagandistic exploitation of two important ideological categories, “Pythagoreanism” and “Spartanity”, by both the Romans and the Italians. My research showed that both the Romans and the Italians adopted many concepts of Greek origin in building their mutual relationships; in addition, it demonstrates, in contrast to the traditional position of modern scholars, a high degree of Hellenization of the Italian peoples.
After obtaining the doctorate, I continued to examine other aspects of Roman-Italian relationships as well as more specifically Italian themes. With respect to the former, I focused on the controversial and ambiguous use of the concept of kinship in Roman diplomatic language. Many previous studies had focused on the application of this concept in a Greek context, but none of them had expressly dealt with this motif in an Italian context. By contrast, sources show that the concept of kinship was very common. Therefore, I devoted an important part of my research to the study of this problem, which resulted in the publication of several articles as well as a book on the adoption of Greek “ethnic” themes (such as kinship, race, homophylia, etc.) in Roman international relations throughout the 3rd century BC.
At the same time, I explored other topics and problems concerning the Samnites and other Italian people. In 2007, as a research assistant in a series of archaeological excavations on the southern Italian Adriatic coast, I was able to deepen the understanding of several aspects of the Italian as well as the Roman presence in that area.
The study of Roman diplomatic language allowed me to recognize the importance of the Greek anti-Persian ideology in the Roman imagination. In a forthcoming book I show the dependence of the Roman anti-Seleucid propaganda on the earlier Greek stigmatization of the Persians.
Furthermore, this study provided me with the main idea for my current project on the concept of monarchy, as the refusal of any form of kingship/tyranny represents one of the most recurring themes in Roman anti-Seleucid propaganda.
Parallel to my main research, I also published several articles concerning Cicero, Plutarch, Velleius Paterculus, Lycophron among others. For all these instances problems of both philological and historiographical nature were examined.
Modern scholarship attributes to the concept of odium regni a primary role in Roman political discourse. This coincides in part with the ancient tradition, which linked Roman hatred for any form of monocratic power to the tyrannical rule of Tarquinius Superbus. However, the analysis of the literary sources indicates a more complex attitude towards the idea of monarchy which does not correspond to the modern view of this aspect of Roman political culture: on the one hand, the Romans stigmatized monocratic governments in all their aspects, but on the other hand, they often referred positively to their ancient kings and to other more recent examples of monarchs.
My current project (funded by the Gerda Henkel Stiftung) attempts to fill the gap between ancient evidence and modern perception. The main aim of the research project is to clarify the ambivalent position of the Romans with respect to the idea of regnum and to provide a new interpretation of the multiple meanings of the concept of monocratic power in Roman political discourse and historiographical tradition.
- F. Russo, “In Antiocho vicimus Xerxen”: Rome and the Memory of the Persian Wars, accepted for print, forthcoming 2013.
- F. Russo, Roma mater Italiae ac parens urbs. L’Italia nella prospettiva romana (III secolo a. C.), Pisa 2012.
- F. Russo, Pitagorismo e Spartanità: elementi politico-culturali tra Roma, Taranto e i Sanniti alla fine del IV secolo, Roma 2007.
- F. Russo, Kings and Tyrants in Roman Perspective between Memory and Propaganda, in preparation, forthcoming 2014.
- F. Russo, Kinship in Roman-Italian Relationships: Diverse Traditions, Perspectives and Interpretations in Velleius Paterculus and Other Roman and Greek Historical Writers, “Histos” 2012, pp. 228-256.
- F. Russo, The Beginning of the First Punic War and the Concept of Italia, in S. Roselaar, ed., Integrationand Identity in the Roman Republic, Proceedings of the International Conference, Manchester 2010, Leiden 2012, pp. 17-34.
- F. Russo, Le Termopili come luogo ideologico nella propaganda romana, “Studi Classici Orientali” 56, 2010, pp. 31-56 (appeared 2012).
- F. Russo, Sagunto nei trattati romano–cartaginesi, in “Parola del Passato” 76, 2011 pp. 81-99.
- F. Russo, Greco, Gallico ed Etrusco: Varrone e le componenti del Latino, “Antiquité Classique”, 80, 2011, pp. 167-178.
- F. Russo, Su alcuni aspetti dei Ludi Saeculares del 249 a. C., in “Studi Classici e Orientali”, 54, 2008, pp. 115-136 (appeared in 2011).
- F. Russo, Le statue di Alcibiade e Pitagora nel comitium, in “Annali della Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa” 5, 2011, pp. 105-134.
- F. Russo, Il concetto di Italia nelle relazioni di Roma con Cartagine e Pirro, in “Historia”, 30, 2010, pp. 74-105.
- F. Russo, Il motivo della consanguinitas tra Romani ed Italici nella propaganda graccana, in “Atene e Roma”, 2010, pp. 178-196.
- F. Russo, The Literary Excursus of Velleius Paterculus and the Exaltation of the Italic Contribution to the Grandeur of Rome, in “Florentia Illiberitana. Revista de Estudios de la Antiguedad Clasica. Universidad de Granada” 19, 2008, pp. 293-312 (appeared 2010).
- F. Russo,Semantic Evolution in Oscan Ethnonyms: a Historical and Lexical Inquiry, in “XXII International Council of Onomastic Sciences”, Proceedings of the International Congress, Pisa 2005 2010, pp. 9-25.
- F. Russo, La valorizzazione della figura di Diomede in Ambito romano, in “Quaderni Ticinesi di Numismatica e Antichità Classiche”, 39, 2010, pp. 1-31.
- F. Russo, Rodi e Roma tra IV e III secolo a. C., in “Considerazioni Storia Antica e Archeologia” 3, 2010, pp. 47-73.
- F. Russo, L'incontro tra Archita, Platone e Ponzio Sannita in Cic. Cato12, 39-41, in “Mediterraneo Antico” 10, 2007, pp. 27, pp. 433-445 (appeared in 2010).
- F. Russo, L’elogio delle voluptates agricolarum nel Cato Maior di Cicerone, in “Materiali e Discussioni per i testi classici”, 62, 2009, pp. 77-104.
- F. Russo, Aspetti e temi della propaganda antiromana di Mitridate VI Eupatore, in “Rivista di Cultura Classica e Medievale”, 2009, pp. 399-428.
- F. Russo, Archeologia di un mito: Calcante in Italia, in Lycophron: Eclats d’obscuritè, Actes du Colloque International, Université Lumière Lyon II ENS LSH Université Jean Monnet – CNRS, Lyon 2007 2009, pp. 1-14 (with M. Barbera).
- F. Russo, Il mito di Diomede nel Piceno, in “Studi Classici e Orientali”, 51, pp. 55-73 2005 (appeared in 2009).
- F. Russo, Ville Dardanienne ou ville de Dardanos? Un problème onomastique entre traditions locales et influences troyennes, in “Onomastica Canadiana”, 2008, 90, 2, pp 25-48.
- F. Russo, Ancora sulla barbarizzazione di Poseidonia, in “Aevum” 82, 2008, pp. 71-85.
- F. Russo, La costa frentana tra Sanniti, Dauni e Romani, in G. De Benedittis, ed., Il porto romano sul Biferno tra storia e archeologia, Campobasso 2008, pp. 123-157.
- F. Russo, I commentari sillani come fonte della vita plutarchea di Silla, in “Studi Classici e Orientali” XLVII, 2002, pp. 281-305 (appeared in 2007).
- F. Russo, Ambiguità espressive in Licofrone: La Dardanos Polis della Daunia, in “Studi Linguistici e Filologici dell’Università di Pisa” 5.1, 2007, pp. 181-220.
- F. Russo, Episodi di sacrilegio nella storia di Siris, in “Archivio Storico per la Calabria e la Lucania” LXXIII, 2006, pp. 7-21.
- F. Russo, Atene e Roma, Grecia e Italia nell’excursus letterario di Velleio Patercolo, I, 17-18, in “Rivista di Studi sull’Antichità”, XXXVI, 2006, pp. 211-229.
- F. Russo, I carmina marciana e le tradizioni sui Marcii, in “Parola del Passato”, 2005, LX, 1, pp. 7-35.
- F. Russo, Genealogie numaiche e tradizioni pitagoriche, in “Rivista di Cultura Classica e Medievale”, 2005, XLVII, 2, pp. 265-290.
- F. Russo, Da jOpiko;ı (Opikòs)a Oscus: osmosi semantica ed evoluzione lessicale, in “Studi e Saggi Linguistici” XLII-XLIII, 2004-2005, pp. 89-120 (with M. Barbera).
- F. Russo, I donari tarantini a Delfi, in “Annali Scuola Normale Superiore Pisa” 2004, pp. 79-102.
- F. Russo, Il sistema insediativo sannitico nelle fonti letterarie, in “Rivista di Cultura Classica e Medievale” 2003, XLV, 2, pp. 277-304.
- F. Russo, The Roman Antimonarchic Discourse Between the 3rd and the 2nd century BC: the Evidence of Fabius Pictor and Ennius, in H. Börm, ed., Antimonarchic Discourse in Antiquity, Proceedings of the International Colloquium-Konstanz, Stuttgart 2013, accepted for print, forthcoming.
- F. Russo, Oscan People in Greek and Roman Perspective: some notes, in “Ancient History Bulletin” accepted for print, forthcoming.
- F. Russo, Memoria delle Guerre Persiane a Roma, in “Latomus”, accepted for print, forthcoming.
- F. Russo, Riflessioni sull’evoluzione dell’uso di alcuni etnonimi di popolazioni italiche, in “Considerazioni Storia Antica e Archeologia” 2013, accepted for print, forthcoming.
- F. Russo, Aborigines, in “Blackwell’s Encyclopedia of Ancient History”, accepted for print, forthcoming.
- F. Russo, Aequi, in “Blackwell’s Encyclopedia of Ancient History”, accepted for print, forthcoming.
July 2002: Diploma in Ancient History and Classics, Scuola Normale Superiore of Pisa, Italy. Mark: 70/70 Summa cum Laude.
April 2002: Degree (“Laurea”) in Ancient History, University of Pisa, Italy. Mark: 110/110 Summa cum Laude.
December 2005: PhD in Ancient History and Archaeology, Scuola Normale Superiore of Pisa, Italy. Title of the Dissertation: “Pitagorismo e Spartanità: elementi politico –culturali tra Roma, Taranto e il mondo italico”. Mark: 70/70 Summa cum Laude. Supervisors: Prof. Salvatore Settis, Prof. Cesare Letta, Prof. Dominique Briquel.
Fellowships, Awards, Grants
2012 - 2013: Gerda Henkel Stiftung Research Fellowship, University of Konstanz, Germany.
2010 – 2011: Alexander von Humboldt Postdoctoral Fellowship, University of Konstanz, Germany.
2008 – 2009: Dr M. Aylwin Cotton Foundation Fellowship, University of Oxford, UK.
2007 – 2008: Rotary Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship, University of Liège, Belgium.
January 2007 – December 2007: Junior Research Fellowship, University of Molise, Italy.
July 2006 – January 2007: British Council-Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei Fellowship, Birkbeck College, School of History and Archaeology, University of London, UK.
November 2002 – December 2005: PhD Fellowship, Scuola Normale Superiore of Pisa, Italy.